28 Odd Birth Defects That Few Children Bear When They Born

Birth Defects:

We all have a unique mixture of shared traits when we born, for example, our eyes may be blue or brown and may rarely have gray or green colored. The combination of traits marks us unique. Here some strange things only a few children possess.

1. Albinism:


Albinism is a condition when babies born with no color. No melanin is present in new born babies. No pigments in the hairs, skin, and any other part of the body. This condition comes when both parents have a capital A dominant gene. The gene comes into offspring. It can effect the any creature present in this earth

2. Ambras Syndrome:

Ambras Syndrome

In this disease, long hairs grow on the whole body except on mucous membrane, palms, and soles. It has no cure or treatment. It does not disturb the lifetime of a diseased person.

3. Anencephaly:


The condition of absence of the brain and spinal cord is known as anencephaly. There is no cure yet for the disease and all babies die at birth. According to a research center, the baby that born with anencephaly cannot feel pain and is unconscious deaf and blind. Although, in some cases, the new babies may have brain stem but due to the absence of the cerebrum dysfunctioning permanently applies that the consciousness will never be achieved. Some reflex like sound response touch and breathing are present in them.

4. Being Two People at Once:

Being two people at once

These are not conjoined twins, but human illusions. In a pregnant woman, the fetus can captivate cells of aborted twin, and as a result, the living fetus has some genes of ghost twin, and this, in turn, results in the occurrence of some organs with different DNA as compared to others. Karen Keegan is one of these cases who have different genes in her ovaries. Theoretically, children’s miscarried twin sister is the mother of the children-nor her actual mother.

5. Cleft Palate:

Cleft palate

Cleft lip also called as Cleft palate, are defects in which the upper lip is not present in the original form. A small cut is come due to a shortage of tissue of the mouth, nose, and upper lip. But this is not very dangerous the baby able to speak and eat properly. Surgeries are also done and could change lips into normal lips. This happened at the starts of pregnancy. More than 700 children and boy are common than girls received this Cleft lip.

6. Congenital Arhinia:

Congenital Arhinia

In this disease, the fetus lacks a nose. The infant really doesn’t have nasal cavities, outside nose, and olfactory sense. It is very uncommon and only thirty cases are noted in the past.

7. Craniopagus Parasitics:

Craniopagus parasitics

This disorder is very terrifying and the new born baby has the extra head from the unborn twin at the birth time. This is very rare and only ten cases have been seen in the history so far with an extra head, and only 3 of the victims survived the birth. In the most bizarre case, the extra head was seen to cry, smile, and suckle like normal.

8. Cyclopia:


Cyclopia is the defects in which newly born babies have one eye. The eye is present at the center of the forehead. This is more common in animals. In human, this one rare and kittens frequently born babies with one eye. The babies with one eye unable to live so they die just after the birth.

9. Diprosopus:


It occurs when somebody actually born with 2 faces. Some serious issues like loss of whole or part of the brain, heart diseases, or neural tube sicknesses, are often occurred in these babies. Diseased babies are frequently miscarried. Fortunately, it is much occasional that less than 50 cases are documented in past 150 years.

10. Ectopia Cordis:

Ectopia Cordis

The termed is used when the newborn has heart outside of the body, partially or completely. These infants are usually aborted or die soon after birth, though few successful operations are also done.

11. Epidermolysis Bullosa:

Epidermolysis Bullosa

It is an uncommon syndrome of exceedingly brittle and delicate skin. Indeed, the diseased children are sometimes referred to as “Butterfly Children” as they have a delicate skin like wings of a butterfly, even touching can make bruise, blister, or may even tear their skin. It is painful disease and may even fatal before 30 years of age.

12. Foetus in Foetu:

Foetus in Foetu

The condition Foetus Foetu is a disorder in which the new born baby has a twin inside his body giving the appearance of pregnancy to the new one. Both twins are from one egg but one is absorbed by the other during the pregnancy and live like a parasite on him. The surgery can be performed and the stronger and most developed baby can be separated from the underdeveloped and unhealthy.

13. Fused Limbs:

Fused Limbs

This order contains the newborns whose one or two limbs are joined together. It is a disease within which legs of fetus fused in the womb during growth and this leads to Mermaid disorder. This disorder is very rare and only one in 70000 babies is born with this. In most cases, it is seen the new born have joined toes or fingers but in a very rare case seen in Peru recently, the girl was born with joined legs giving her the appearance of a mermaid.

14. Harlequin Ichthyosis:

Harlequin Ichthyosis

Diseased infants possess a thick layer of skin on their bodies, typically in the shape of diamond plates. These plates detached by deep crashes. It restricts the movement of the body, including breathing ability and also disturbs shape of nose, ears, mouth, and eyelids. A diseased person dies as a baby because of irregulation of body temperature and dehydration, however, some can reach adolescence due to medical advances.

15. Hermaphroditism:


Hermaphroditism is the condition when new born babies born with both sex organs. The complete cure of this defects is also present. One sex is more prominent in some case and switches on this sex with surgeries and other treatments. But sometimes no one is prominent so another term of surgeries applied and changed into one sex. The surgeries did not do in early age probably some years required. This one is a rare case and happened one among 2000 babies.

16. Heterochromia Iridium:

Heterochromia iridium

This is situations when some born with two different eyes colors. One is blue and another one is hazel. According to a scientist, this is due to change in genetics. Two people marry with different colors and both colors are dominant. The result both colors shows in their offspring. One eye color may be brown, blue, and the other one is blue green.

17. Lamellar Ichthyosis:

Lamellar Ichthyosis

It is a condition during which cells of skin do not detach and shelter as should happen, and this results in the appearance of a disease with dark brown colored scales. The outward turning of lips and eyelids may also occur. The diseased people may face dehydration. Chances of this disease are 1/600,000.

18. Polymelia:


Polymelia is birth defects in which new born baby has two or more limbs and sometimes five limbs. This is also very rare defect. No surgical treatment available. The babies live their life with limbs.

19. Polydactylism:


Polydactylism is a birth defect in which fingers and toes become extra. The extra fingers and toe without the bone. After birth with surgeries extra can be removed. But sometimes it also contains bones. So, surgeries are present for the removal but surgeries can be done when a child becomes 1 year’s old.

20. Progeria:


Progeria is the strange and different type of diseases. In which the body of children not grow but looks very aged. At the age of just 3 looks like 70 to 80 years old. The children suffer this disease die soon at the age of 15. They also faced many hearts and other complicated diseases. These all lethal diseases do not allow them to live more. This is very rare disease and only one baby born in one year.

21. Siamese Twins:

Siamese Twins

We have all heard the story of two Siamese twins, country is named for the birth of known first conjoined twins. The born twins in this disorder are joined with each other at one or more places, the disorder is seen very rare. Their bodies are joined with each other. The rarest case in this disorder is when the twins have joined heads with each other. In most cases, they cannot be separated They share the same heart. And also share skull and other organs. but in rare cases, they can be separated and twins’ live life independently. They become separate after surgeries but it is not very successful.

22. Tails:


Vestigial organs are those which we do not want to develop like an appendix. Some babies have a vestigial tail at the time of birth. The tail is present with us when we are small embryos; however, it usually vanishes with the development of spinal column. No bones are usually present in tails and they removed soon after birth.

23. Tree Man Sickness:

Tree Man Sickness

It also termed as Epidermodysplasia verruciform. It makes people more vulnerable to HPV and leads to malicious skin tumors. Such tumors usually start at the age of 20, and similar to many skin cancers, it usually starts in uncovered areas. Although symptoms show up almost after two decades, it is a genetic disorder present at the time of birth. The disease gets its nickname as numerous unrestrained HPV infections cause scaly aberrations.

24. Trimethylaminuria:


It is a hereditary disease that usually causes people odor bad such as rotting eggs and fish bad. This is also termed as fish smell disorder, and this is a metabolic disease. Basically, diseased people do not have a particular enzyme which causes conversion of trimethylamine to an oxide of trimethylamine and produces bad smell in the person’s breathing, urine, and sweat.

25. Vestigial Gills:

Vestigial Gills

These are non-functional organs, and are anticlimactic, like an appearance of small pores above the ear. It’s simply cool and weird to have it. After leaving millions of years ago, arbitrary bits of DNA are immobile all over the place to put pores for gills that we don’t have or need.

26. Webbed Toes or Fingers:

Webbed toes or fingers

Webbed toes/fingers are officially termed as Syndactyly. Our hands begin in the shape of a general paddle; however, the formation of distinct fingers starts during 6th weeks of pregnancy. If this process not completed properly, webbed fingers are formed. The reason behind this is not recognized, and it occurs only in approximately one out of two thousand babies. Surgery is made to fix it. Correction becomes more difficult if bones are fused together which happens rarely.

27. Wiedemann Syndrome:

Wiedemann Syndrome

Proteus birth defects in which outgrowth happens. The overgrowth happens in skin bone and other organs and body tissue give rough look. This is not birth defects the symptoms showed a few months after.  Wiedemann syndrome is another name of this disease. The man which have these symptoms called Elephant man.

28. Xeroderma Pigmentosum:

Xeroderma Pigmentosum

It is also termed as vampire syndrome. It is a genetic disease which affects DNA’s ability to repair itself, particularly, the damage occurs due to UV radiations, like sunlight. People are not able to bear sun exposure in extreme conditions of this syndrome.

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