12 Wonderful Animals That Clone Themselves

12 Wonderful Animals:

The world clone comes to for identical individuals. The cloning of animals happens every day. This is the process in which plants produced asexually. Only one parent is involved and produced same plants and animals. This is really interesting phenomena in the animal kingdom.

  1. Aphids

aphids

The soft-bodied insect feeds on plants and on the sap of the leaves and they are drawn to them. Aphids can self-replicate all year long and can produce 12 babies in a day. They almost shed their skin 4 times before becoming an adult. More than 80 clones can be produced during warm seasons.

When the aphid population is increased to a certain level it can destroy the leaves of plants and attract other unwanted fungi. These aphids sometimes spread some plant based viruses too.

  1. Brahminy blind snakes

Brahminy blind snakes

The other name of Brahminy blind snakes is Indotyphlops braminus. These snakes found in Asia and Africa. They have the capability to burrow themselves in the soil. Their habits and appearance match with earthworms. Their length is about 14 – 18 cm. No sub-species of these snakes recognized yet. Brahminy blind snakes are parthenogenetic. All individuals of this species are the female that produces unisexually. The thin-shelled eggs of female start to divide the cells without any interference of sperms of males. Mostly up to eight female offspring produced that may genetically identical to each other.

  1. Boa Constrictors

boa-constrictor

The Boa Constrictors also produced asexually. In a rare event, the female boa gave birth to two litters of young which didn’t have any male DNA, only the female DNA is present in the new ones. And all of them had the same mutation as their mother.

The female snake contains chromosome ZW. The male snake contains chromosomes ZZ. The many of the snakes belong to this also contains WW. The process of reproduction is parthenogenesis. So. the all the produced snakes were females as expected the chromes should have been the ZW but it was observed that they were WW that happened the first time, and it was due to their asexual reproduction. The scientist does experiments and finds the ways of reproduction in reptiles especially in snakes.

  1. Gall Wasps

Gall Wasps

This species related to the group of Wasps. These wasps are the very helpful group of animals. They have the ability to lay young on any part of the tree. They have the ovipositor on their rear and puncture on the plant part that is chosen and lay on it. This puncture activates the hormones of the plants that produce rapidly and form a gall. A Gall is a mass of overgrown cells. This Gall is a perfect housing space for laying eggs for wasps.

  1. Hammerhead Sharks

Hammerhead Sharks

Sharks are treated as the most dangerous sea creatures. And when it was known that Hammered sharks can reproduce asexually they were considered more dangerous.

Irish and American scientists created history when they made this discovery on shovel heads that was kept in a zoo Henry Doorly in Omaha that gave birth to a young female. In 2007, after tests, it was confirmed that the baby had identical DNA of with mother. And there was no evidence of male DNA.

  1. Jellyfish

jelly fish

Jellyfish is soft-bodied animals of the sea. They show complex life cycle. They produced their offspring sexually and asexually. The asexually produced by the process of budding and fragmentation. Sexually produced by the combination of egg and sperms.

Jellyfish looks beautiful but it is very dangerous too. It can reproduce in both ways. It is called Medusa on its adulthood. In spawning season, it lays eggs, the eggs are fertilized in open water, jellyfish after finding a suitable place start rapid cloning. At this stage, it is called polyp, the polyp starts reproducing asexually at this stage and divides itself in half that becomes an individual separately.

  1. Komodo Dragons

Komodo Dragons

These Komodo Dragons belong to the group of lizards. The female able to produce eight babies at a time. Female reproduced asexually. So, there is no of need males for the reproduction. The chromosomes come from one parent and then doubled. They young ones identical to their mother. They also reproduced sexually with the participation of males and females.

In 2006, A Monitor Lizard birth four young ones at London in a zoo and the interesting fact this dragon was hoped to give birth to eight more. Before this event, they never reproduced asexually. Both were kept separately.

After the tests, it was seen the babies was not identical to a mother but have doubled the number of chromosomes.

  1. Marmorkrebs

Marmorkrebs

This one has recently discovered sea creature. Crayfish is another name of this creature. This creature produced their young ones without mating. It is very first of its kind to start reproducing asexually. The process called parthenogenesis. In this process, the new babies born without undergoing fertilization. These animals were discovered in the 1990’s in the European pet trade. Since then it is becoming an invasive species and it raised greater concerns. In recent studies, it was found that crayfish was related to Procambarus fallax, that is a different species and reproduces sexually. The young ones different to their parents and better adapted to the environment.

  1. Sea Sponges

sea sponge

The body of the sponges is made up of cells and fibers. They are not able to form well-structured organs. Sea sponges are animals that function as both sexes and produce both eggs and sperms.

They undergo to the gemmulation and produced identical copies of themselves. During this process, they form cells and the protective surface is present around these cells, called gemmules. Every gemmule got their food supply from an adult sponge and try to move towards the bottom of sponge where they evicted from the adult ones. These cells mature and become mature sponges.

Sea sponges also have the ability to regenerates themselves after an injury or after the attack of the predator. If any part of sea sponge broken off then it will grow by its on and will produce a new sponge that will be same genetically to their parent.

  1. Tapeworms

tapeworms

Tapeworms are flattened body structured parasites. These parasites have the ability to replicate them and produce carbon copies of offspring. They live in the human body and animal body also. Both animals and humans can get infected of these. Those people who eat less cooked meat are most likely to get an infection. When in a human body, it matures into an adult and when after reproduction it detaches part from behind called proglottids. This proglottid has eggs in them and when they are passed out of the body other animals feed on them, like grazing animals. The animals ate tapeworm during their food activities. They reached their stomach and increased their numbers there. In this way, their population gets increasing every time.

  1. Water fleas

water-fleas

They belong to Genus Daphnia; their size is about 0.2 to 5 millimeters. They called as water fleas due to their swimming style that resembles the movement of fleas. Daphnia found in streams, rivers, fresh water, lakes, and ponds. They produce their offspring both sexually and asexually. Asexually they produced their offspring by the process of parthenogenesis. For most of the growth season, females reproduce asexually for most of growing seasons. female produced brood of diploid eggs. these broods may contain 1-2 eggs and they may contain 100 eggs on some larger species. Typically, after one day, these eggs hatched and they still remain in brood pouch of a female for about 3 days. Afterward, female release their eggs into the water. The offspring that produced asexually are mostly females.

By sexual reproduction, female Daphnia lays their eggs and hatched by males. Males fertilize the eggs internally and transfer these fertilized eggs to brood chamber female Daphnia.

  1. Whiptail Lizards

whiptail-lizard

The different feature of whiptail lizards is that its name contains tail, this tale sometimes to 30 cm. The interesting feature of these is that they do not have any other choice of reproducing rather than asexually.

The female whiptail is responsible for the reproduction process and not need of male for reproduction. These have double the number of chromosomes as compared to other whiptails. This asexual reproduction does not involve any male so all the offspring are females. The reason of having a double number of chromosomes is not known yet. The exact mechanisms of reproduction are still not clear. The scientist does experiments and finds their process.

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